Medici, Lorenzo The Magnificent de'
- (1449-1492)Lorenzo "the Magnificent" was the grandson of Cosimo de' Medici. He was 20 years old when he took the reigns of government in Florence from his invalid father, Piero the Gouty. Like his predecessors, Lorenzo chose to control the city from behind the scenes. He also continued their policy of forging alliances with the major Italian city-states and of contributing to the cultural and intellectual life of Florence. In 1478, Lorenzo fell victim to the Pazzi Conspiracy to oust the Medici from power. On that occasion, he was wounded and his brother Giuliano murdered, an act he retaliated by hunting down and severely punishing the conspirators.Lorenzo was the patron of the poet Angelo Poliziano. Under him, Marsilio Ficino translated the works of Plotinus and Proclus, thus bringing Neoplatonism to the forefront of philosophy. It was Lorenzo who took the young Michelangelo under his protective wing and nurtured his talent and persona and who commissioned Andrea del Verrocchio to create his famed bronze David (early 1470s; Florence, Museo Nazionale del Bargello). Giuliano da Sangallo built for him a magnificent villa at Poggio a Caiano (early 1480s), the first attempt to recreate an ancient suburban villa based on the descriptions provided by Vitruvius and Pliny the Younger. Sangallo also built the Church of Santa Maria delle Carceri at Prato (1484-1492) with funds provided by Lorenzo.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
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Lorenzo the Magnificent — Lorenzo de Medici … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Lorenzo the Magnificent — noun Italian statesman and scholar who supported many artists and humanists including Michelangelo and Leonardo and Botticelli (1449 1492) • Syn: ↑Lorenzo de Medici • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑solon, ↑national leader, ↑scholar, ↑scholarly … Useful english dictionary
Medici, Lorenzo de' — known as Lorenzo the Magnificent born Jan. 1, 1449, Florence died April 9, 1492, Careggi, near Florence Florentine statesman and patron of arts and letters. The grandson of Cosimo de Medici, he was the most brilliant of the Medici family. He… … Universalium
Medici, Lorenzo di Piero de', Duca Di Urbino — ▪ Italian ruler born Sept. 12, 1492, Florence died May 4, 1519, Florence ruler of Florence from 1513 to 1519, to whom Niccolò Machiavelli addressed his treatise The Prince, counselling him to accomplish the unity of Italy by arming the… … Universalium
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Medici bank — Infobox Defunct Company company name = Medici bank company fate = Shut down by authorities successor = foundation = c. 1397 defunct = 1494 location = Various; home branch in Florence, Italy industry = Banking key people = Giovanni di Bicci,… … Wikipedia
Medici family — Italian bourgeois family that ruled Florence and later Tuscany from с 1430 to 1737. The family, noted for its often tyrannical rulers and its beneficent patrons of the arts, also provided the church with four popes (Leo X, Clement VII, Pius IV,… … Universalium